Anatomy of the Back
Your spinal cord and back are incredibly complex components, full of small bones, discs, ligaments, tendons, nerves, and muscles, and damage to any of these can be the cause of your backache. The spinal column (or vertebral column) extends from the skull to the pelvis and is made up of 33 individual bones termed vertebrae. The vertebrae are stacked on top of each other and grouped into four regions: Cervical Spine, Thoracic Spine, Lumbar Spine, and Sacral Spine
Although vertebrae range in size; cervical the smallest, lumbar the largest, vertebral bodies are the weight-bearing structures of the spinal column. Upper body weight is distributed through the spine to the sacrum and pelvis. The natural curves in the spine, kyphotic and lordotic, provide resistance and elasticity in circulating body weight and axial loads sustained during movement.
The vertebrae are composed of many elements that are critical to the overall function of the spine, which include the intervertebral discs and facet joints. Various muscles combine to support the essential muscles of the back. The most important of these are the muscles of the abdomen (stomach in the vernacular). The basic muscles of the back primarily arch your back backward. The stomach muscles then must be used to straighten up. The muscles of the buttocks help the stomach muscles do this.
Put all this together, and you will get a good idea of the anatomy related to possible problems causing back pain.
What causes back pain?
We all have to take care of our back. Back pain strikes at any age. It does not matter whether you are young or old. Anyone can suffer from back pain. However, people between 45 and 59 years of age are more vulnerable to having back pain. Back pain is caused by trauma in some people while in others due to sudden injury and poor sitting or standing posture. It is particularly seen in cases of certain occupation where people have to sit for unusually long hours before the computer.
The causes of back pain vary from simple muscle strain to more serious conditions such as Osteoporosis, Spinal Stenosis, tumor, slipped disc and many others. Sometimes, it can also just be a result of tension, inflammation or infection of the spinal cord.
Lower back pain occurs on the bottom side of the spine and is more frequent than upper back pain. When you experience lower back pain your ability to walk freely or move about is considerably restricted while in the case of upper back pain you may not be able to move your hands or move your neck and therefore you may refrain from even simple activities.
WHY DOES MY BACK GET INJURED?
Lower back pain is the most usual type of a backache and tends to be the result of damage or stress to discs, ligaments, tendons or muscles. Upper back pain is not quite as common as lower back pain, often caused by poor posture, injury or muscle strain. A backache in the middle area tends to be the least common, but can also be the most severe. Having said that, mid back pain can also be caused by things that are very easily remedied, such as obesity, poor posture, strain to muscles and ligaments. The disease can also be the cause of your back pain, perhaps two of the most common and best-known being arthritis and osteoporosis.
How do I know my back is injured?
There are several symptoms associated with back pain. You may experience piercing or sharp pain, or it may be a localized pain. Again, this pain is to be of a permanent nature, or only appears when you undertake any particular physical activity. When you experience back pain, you may have a fever as well as a headache.
What can I do to help relieve back pain?
Depending on the severity of the condition, treatment may be as simple as taking a rest, practicing yoga or using breathing techniques. The reason why it is necessary to treat back pain is that it may be a symptom of another serious health problem. Ignoring this condition may result in another complication. An example could be complications arising from severe damage to the sciatic nerve – as sciatica. It is also important to understand that symptoms present themselves in different ways and intensity so the diagnosis of the pain can be quite severe. Maintaining flexibility of and blood circulation of the affected area is the primary objective of the treatment of pain in the upper back. We need to increase the general blood flow of the back portion because the pressure is created in the upper back if the lower back portion experiences a tightening of muscles in that region. This is usually achieved by carrying out a series of therapeutic activities that also includes techniques for self-help. Other methods of treatments include physical therapy, chiropractic care, cervical traction, hot packs, and electrical stimulation. An MD may recommend pain relievers, anti-inflammatory drugs, and cortisone injections.
What can I do to help relieve the pain with a TENS Unit?
TENS is an acronym for transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. EMS stands for electronic muscle stimulation. The HealthmateForever TENS EMS /PMS electrotherapy devices combine Chinese acupuncture with deep tissue massage sensations to effectively relieve tension and severe discomfort of the upper and lower back regions of the body. It provides relief by stimulating the muscles themselves. It sends bio-electric pulses directly to the muscle tendons and sore joints to relieve chronic discomfort and inflammation. It assists by sending comforting, non-painful impulses through the skin to the nerve or nerves below. Muscle stimulation is used to treat swelling and inflammation that can put a strain on both the muscles themselves and their supporting joints.
Some units can be purchased over-the-counter, and others require a prescription from a doctor. These marvelous small devices are used to use for easing muscle pain, sciatica, fibromyalgia, a chronic widespread muscle pain, depression, and fatigue syndrome.
FDA cleared Class II OTC (Over the Counter) HealthmateForever TENS & PMS devices combine modern digital programming technology, TENS & EMS technology, bioelectricity technology and human body simulation technology with ancient Chinese therapeutic methods, which are safe non-invasive, drug-free methods of pain management.
Back pain electrode placement
Just place the electrode pads over the area of your back you feel the pain, select the setting that’s right for you, and increase intensity as high level as you can stand! The drug-free pain relief HealthmateForever TENS EMS/PMS system is equipped with manual modes, delivering specific treatment techniques and automatic modes, using pre-programmed pulses, to optimally achieve therapeutic results ranging from deep-tissue stimulation to invigorating muscle-building, to soothing relaxation.
HealthmateForever’s new wireless pads and units provide no restrictions when it comes to reaching sensitive areas like the upper and lower back regions.
They offer all the same benefits that you have come to trust in HealthmateForever products. Set yourself free of pain and wires and see how HealthmateForever’s wireless devices can help you today!
Keith Bridwell, MD (02/23/17) Vertebral Column [web log post]. Retrieved May 1, 2017, from https://spineuniverse.com
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